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November 8, 2016 — California General Election
Ballot and voting information for the state of California.
This is an archive of a past election.

District 31California State SenateNovember 8, 2016California General Election

November 8, 2016California General Election

California State SenateDistrict 31

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Election Results

  • 100% of precincts reporting (344/344).

About this office

State senators introduce and vote on new laws, hold hearings, approve appointments to state agencies, and approve the state budget. They are elected to four-year terms.
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Who’s Running?

For this office, only the two candidates who get the most votes in the primary election appear in the general election. This is because of California's "top two" system. In some cases, the two candidates may be from the same political party.
Candidates are sorted in order of election results.
Photo of  Richard Roth
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Richard Roth

Democratic
State Senator
167,574 votes (60.5%)Winning
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Total money raised: $1,020,692

Below are the top contributors that gave money to support the candidate(s).

1
California Democratic Party
$67,906
2
American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees
$17,000
2
California State Association of Electrical Workers
$17,000
2
SEIU California
$17,000
3
California Association of Realtors
$16,000

By State:

California 83.74%
District of Columbia 3.48%
Texas 2.20%
Florida 1.10%
Other 9.48%
83.74%9.48%

By Size:

Large contributions (99.74%)
Small contributions (0.26%)
99.74%

By Type:

From organizations (94.14%)
From individuals (5.86%)
94.14%
Source: MapLight analysis of data from the California Secretary of State.
Email richard@roth4senate.com
Republican
Attorney
109,238 votes (39.5%)
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  • Bringing water to Southern and Central California is my top priority.
  • Reducing the size of government and the amount of government regulation is a priority.
  • Lowering taxes will also be a priority.
Profession:I am an attorney licensed to practice in California; retired teacher; former owner of a theatrical business.
none, I have not held public office before. — Elected position (2016current)
Coordinator, Riverside Arts Foundation (19951996)
Director/Manager, Riverside Young People's Theatre (19861996)
Teacher, Riverside Unified School District (19751986)
California Southern Law School Juris Doctorate, Law (2000)
University of California at Riverside Secondary teaching credential, Education (1975)
California Baptist College (now California Baptist University) Bachelor of Arts, English major with history/theatre arts double minor (1972)
california Baptist College (now California Baptist University) Bachelor of Arts in English; Teaching Credential; Juris Doctorate., I was an English major with history/theatre arts double minor. (1972)
Calif. Baptist College (now Calif. Baptist University); Bachelor of Arts; Teaching Credential; Juris Doctorate., English literature; history; theatre arts; law. (1972)
Board member, Riverside Dickens Festival (20082012)

Biography of Richard Brent Reed

Candidate for California State Senate, District 31

I was born in Houston, Texas on February 3, 1951.  My family moved to California in 1958 when my father, Senior Master Sergeant Chester Reed, was stationed at March Air Force Base where he was in put charge of the Physiological Training Unit's altitude chamber.  

I graduated magna cum laude from California Baptist College with bachelor's degree in English and completed history/theatre arts double minor and secondary teaching credential at University of California, Riverside and taught in the Riverside Unified School District for about twelve years.  

I ran my own acting company for ten years.  

I received a Juris Doctorate from California Southern Law School in 2000.  

I had my own practice in downtown Riverside for ten years.  

 

I have been on the board of the Riverside Ballet and the Riverside Dickens Festival as well as a member of the Republican Central Committee.

  • Riverside County Republican Central Committee
  • Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Association
  • Riverside California Young Republicans
  • Congressman Tom Campbell and State Senator Mike Morrell
1.
Drought

Climate changes and the continuing drought worry many in California. What new strategies do you believe would ensure that California is able to both satisfy its water needs and protect the environment? Please be specific.

Answer from Richard Reed:

Water from Northern California should be pumped to Southern and Central California during rainy seasons to fill reservoirs in the South and not rely on seasonal snow melt.  If necessary, the we tunnel under the Sacramento River to avoid the delta.  Communities that, like Riverside, have their own water sources should be given greater control over their own water policies.

2.
Fiscal Priorities

What are your top three fiscal priorities, recognizing the need to balance the state’s income with its spending? 

Answer from Richard Reed:

Reduce the size of the state's bureaucracy.  Make the state more business-friendly.  Reduce the size of public pensions.

3.
Minimum Wage

There are a variety of proposals to raise California's minimum wage. Many of these proposals face opposition from business groups who are concerned that they would kill jobs. Do you support increasing the minimum wage in California?  In your answer please explain your position on the relationship between wages and jobs with specific reference to the situation in your district. 

Answer from Richard Reed:

I oppose increases to the minimum wage.  It is better to have low-paying entry-level jobs that offer upward mobility than to eliminate those jobs by pricing low-skilled workers out of the market and forcing businiesses to downsize and/or automate.

4.
Money in Politics

Many Californians are concerned about the influence of money in politics. What can the state legislature do to ensure that decision-making by elected officials is not swayed by moneyed interests at the expense of constituents?

Answer from Richard Reed:

Reduce the influence of public employee unions.

Total money raised: $12,484

Below are the top contributors that gave money to support the candidate(s).

1
REED, RICHARD
$10,800
2
Rich Harris A Law Corporation
$500
3
O'Malley Engineering
$400
4
Lincoln Club of Rverside County
$175
5
Ben Clymer's The Body Shop
$150

By State:

California 96.75%
Oregon 3.25%
96.75%

By Size:

Large contributions (98.73%)
Small contributions (1.27%)
98.73%

By Type:

From organizations (1.42%)
From individuals (98.58%)
98.58%
Source: MapLight analysis of data from the California Secretary of State.

I believe in: small government; local control; lower taxes; fewer regulations.  I agree with Dennis Prager: the bigger the government, the smaller the  citizen.  As Henry David Thoreau said, "That government is best which governs least."  Local problems are best understood locally and solved locally.  The state legislature should focus on providing water and roads.  Smooth highways are needed to facilitate commerce.  Water is needed for agriculture and to sustain a growing population.  Enterprise Zones should be established in economically challenged communities. to encourage businesses to move there and hire locally.  Private prisons should be re-opened to relieve crowding in the state prison system.  The state should not fund abortion clinics, nor should the state interfere with the gun ownership of law-abiding citizens.  The Minimum Wage should be lowered to allow businesses to hire more people who may, then, work their way up on the salary scale.  The vehicles of people who are here illegally should be subject to confiscation when pulled over.  No public employee should have a pension that is better than that of his counterpart in the private sector.   A part-time legislature would serve the citizens of California better.

Regulations Kill Economies

Summary

Unnecessary regulations are an excessive burden on business and make a free market less free.  There should always be a cost/benefit analysis.  

Position Paper #1

Regulations Kill Economies

Of government it has been said: what you subsidize, you get more of; what you tax you get less of.  The private sector, on the other hand, requires neither taxes nor subsidies.  In a free market economy, you get the results that you allow.  The minimum wage acts as a tax on a business and a subsidy to an otherwise fairly-paid employee.  Fairly paid because the employer and the employee agree on how much the job is worth.

My first job was as a part-time teacher at about $800 per month.  I made that work by renting a nearby studio apartment for $200 per month and walking to work.  I had one pot, one bowl, and one plate and my kitchen was in my bedroom.  In a little over a year, I had saved up enough money to buy a piano which consumed what little space was left.  Twelve years later, I left teaching (at a handsome salary) to run my own theatre company.  Public education lost a good teacher and the business community gained an entrepreneur.  That is the American Dream: going from a job to a better job to owning your own business.  

After ten successful years, I had to close my theatrical touring company because we were being crowded out of the market by other theatrical groups that had access to government subsidies.  We offered a superior product, but we couldn't compete with the government.  Half the time, our group had been paid, not out of the school budget, but by student groups and parent-teacher associations.  But for government interference, I might still have a business that employed the most underemployed worker in this state: the actor.

Just as subsidies interfere with private sector productivity, raising the minimum wage is also detrimental.  If my new entry-level employee is going to cost me $15 per hour, I just won't hire him.  I'll double the workload of my existing employees or I will replace that position with a machine (many restaurants are already using computers to phase out cashiers and waiters).  If I wind up hiring at $15 per hour, my existing employees who make $15 per hour will demand a raise.  If they don't get it, they will quit and apply for my competitor's entry-level position with fewer responsibilities at $15 per hour, unless, of course, the new minimum wage hasn't already driven me and my competitor out of business.  That is how government regulation destroys economic opportunity for both employer and employee.  

 

When government tries to micromanage the free market through regulation and central planning, the economy suffers and people are deprived of opportunities.  A lower minimum wage and fewer regulations would make California more business-friendly and give businesses a reason not to leave the state as they tend to do.  The free market and the private sector can make California, once again, a land of opportunity, if California will allow it.

Abortion

Summary

Every citizen has sovereignty over his or her own body, but, the state has no authority to take an innocent life, even with the consent of the woman.

Position Paper #2

Abortion

 

In 1692, the courts in Salem, Massachusetts began trying citizens for witchcraft, charging them under the flimsiest evidence.  The Salem Witch Trials became a convenient instrument for the elimination of undesirable neighbors.  One such neighbor was Abigail Faulkner who was disliked in the community by those who envied her wealth and position.  She was accused, tried, and convicted of witchcraft and sentenced to hang.  Her sentence was stayed, however, due to the fact that she was pregnant.  The unborn child was an innocent life beyond the government's jurisdiction.  Even the rabidly superstitious judges of Salem knew that they had no authority to take an innocent life. 

 

Now, taxpayers are asked to fund government-sponsored abortion.  Reproduction is the most private of matters and cannot be interfered with by the state, nor can taxes be used for such a purpose.  Every citizen has sovereignty over his or her own body and a just government must respect that.  However, the state has no authority to take an innocent life, even with the woman's consent.  The law may have to turn a blind eye to the private practices of citizens, but the law does not have to approve.  Taxes should not be used to pay for abortions, nor should the government assist in a practice that it is morally, ethically, historically, and legally forbidden to do.

Small Government

Summary

Individual freedom is inversely proportional to the size of the government.

I believe in small government. A government should micromanage neither its citizens nor the economy.  There was a time when government minded its own business.  In 1848, when the Carnegie family, having fallen on hard times, moved from their home in Dunfermline, Scotland, to Allegheny, Penn., 13-year-old Andrew Carnegie got his first job as a bobbin boy, changing spools of thread in a Pittsburgh cotton mill, working 12 hours a day, 6 days a week.  His starting wage was $1.20---per week.*  Later, his four-dollar-a-week salary as a telegrapher allowed him to work his way up in the railroad industry.  

During the Civil War, Carnegie's trains and telegraphs kept the Union army supplied with transportation and communication.  Oil wells and other investments produced sufficient capital to permit Carnegie to go into the steel business.  Utilizing the new Bessemer process, Carnegie began making steel that was purer and cheaper than that of his competitors.  Soon, Carnegie owned iron mines, coal mines, and much of the steel production in the country.  

In 1901, Carnegie sold his steel empire to one John Pierpont Morgan for $350 million---in modern currency: $370 billion.  Out of this deal, Morgan formed U. S. Steel, the world's biggest company, and Andrew Carnegie retired to Scotland, the world's richest man.  Before he died, Carnegie had spent 90% of his enormous fortune on  libraries, concert halls, and pipe organs for churches.  

During the Panic of 1907, banks were going under and the N. Y. Stock Exchange had lost half its value.  J. P.  Morgan trotted up Pennsylvania Avenue to the White House and asked to be put in charge of the financial crisis.  Pres. Teddy Roosevelt accepted his offer.  Morgan went back to his office, bailed out a few banks, and bullied his rich friends into propping up the plummeting stock market.  Meanwhile,  Tennessee. Coal, Iron, & Railroad Co., the country's second largest steel manufacturer, was about to go belly up, so, to avoid that, U. S. Steel bought it, giving Morgan control of two-thirds of the country's steel market.  Thus, with the government looking the other way, Morgan averted an economic depression by forming a monopoly and by colluding with Wall Street bankers.  The government had allowed the free market to fix itself.

Our government would not tolerate such cavalier business practices, nowadays.  Men like Morgan and Carnegie would be denounced as "Robber Barons" to be pilloried, prosecuted, and plundered.  But, back in 1848, with no one to tell him not to work the long hours of that entry-level job for those slave wages, a thirteen-year-old bobbin boy from Scotland dreamed of empire and built one out of steel.  That entry-level job, for the unskilled worker, is the first rung on the ladder of success.  Raising the Minimum Wage forces employers to remove entry-level job, concentrating money in the pockets of those that have jobs at the expense of those trying to get jobs.  Minimum Wage laws make minimize employment.

This is what is happening in Los Angeles, with its five-year plan to hike its Minimum Wage from $9 to $15 an hour.  L. A. businesses are reducing their work force, reducing employee hours, and reducing the services that they provide.  One trendy eatery cut its overhead by canceling dinner.  And MacDonald's is automating several of its L. A. restaurants, having already done so years ago in socialist Europe.  (Rather than suffer the indignity of a low-paying job, goes the theory, it is better to have no job at all.)  As a result of L. A.'s high minimum wage and other business-hostile policies, Hollywood, now, makes movies in a different LA: the LA that has no wage law.  They produce movies in the other LA: Louisiana.**

Under Marxist socialism, not too long ago, the Soviet Union micromanaged the Russian economy with what's called "Central Planning", where the government sets wages, fixes prices, establishes production quotas, and eliminates the profit motive.  State-run bakeries routinely ran out of bread in the middle of the day because there was no incentive to bake more.  Around-the-block lines of people queuing up for rationed toilet paper was a familiar sight in Russian cities.  And, because the Russian government had easier access to Egyptian cotton than to Virginia tobacco, Russian cigarettes were 50% filter.  The late William F. Buckley related the story of one political pundit who was asked: "What would happen if the Russians invaded the Sahara?"  "Nothing for five years," the pundit replied, "and, then, there would be a shortage of sand."  

While minimum wage laws eliminate jobs and price controls produce shortages, high levels of taxation create a disincentive to work.  Sweden, where the tax rates climb to around 56%, has a phenomenon known as Plumber Summer.  To avoid hitting that 56% tax bracket, Swedish plumbers work nine or ten months out of the year, then go on vacation.  Since vacationing is considered a human right in Europe---it is next to impossible to find a plumber in summer.  Sweden is not alone in this.

In September of 2003, a heatwave hit France, killing over 10,000 people.  Had that heatwave swept across a less regulated, free-market economy like America, most people would have picked up the phone and called one of the legion of plumbers, electricians, and a/c repairmen that would be all too eager to get their business, even if they had to hire additional staff and order more units.  But, in France, in the summer of 2003, there was no one to answer that call.  As in Sweden, French technicians, to avoid a higher tax bracket, prefer not to stay on the job during the warm summer months of the travel season, so 10,000 people died.  I wonder how many of those people in France---many of them shut-ins---were found dead next to their telephones.  Those people were, literally, taxed to death.

The tax code is the club that government uses to beat the rest of us into submission.  Sacramento leads the nation in bludgeoning the economy to conform it to the left-wing political agenda: wealth redistribution.  To combat so-called "income inequality", one must pay one's "fair share" of taxes, whatever that is, and everyone is entitled to a "living wage", whatever that is.  "From each according to his ability; to each according to his need"---according to Karl Marx.  We must all be broken to harness.  Taxation beats the spirit out of us and regulation keeps us trotting in step.  

But, if a tax is a stick, a subsidy is a carrot.  As  Jack Kemp put it: what you tax, you get less of; what you subsidize, you get more of.  In addition to punishing ambition by over-taxing over-achievers, government also uses subsidies to favor approved activities.  Where subsidies exist, however, quality is, often, sacrificed.  

Back in the eighties, I ran my own touring theatre group---we did thirty-minute musicals for school assemblies.  For over ten years, Riverside Young People's Theatre commanded a large market share of public schools.  I wrote my scripts, paid my composer, built my sets, hired my actors--mostly waiters and waitresses--and took the show on the road all over southern California.   I paid my actors $25 per performance and, on long gigs, I bought them lunch.  Then, the market started drying up.  It wasn't due to a shortage of education dollars---the money was out there.  It was because the government had decided to subsidize our politically correct competitors.  That allowed them to underbid us and cut into our marketshare.  We became less competitive and, eventually, shut down.  The government had meddled in the marketplace and driven me out of business.  

 This is why I believe in small government.  A smaller, less intrusive government maximizes both freedoms and opportunities.  Using the government to overhaul and re-design the economy is like performing brain surgery with a meat ax.  Allowing the State to over-tax, over-regulate, and, thus, re-define the lives of its citizens is like letting children play with matches.  Even if you have the best of intentions, it is the worst of ideas.***  

Citizens should micromanage the government, not the other way around.  Henry David Thoreau said: "That government is best which governs least."  As radio talk show host Dennis Prager is always saying: "The bigger the government, the smaller the citizen."  But, Thomas Jefferson nailed it: "When the people fear their government, there is tyranny; when the government fears the people, there is liberty.

 

*  Some common laborers started out at less than $1 per week.

** The Louisiana Motion Picture Investor Tax Credit provides state-certified motion picture productions with up to a 30 percent transferable tax credit on eligible in-state expenditures. These include resident and non-resident labor with a spending requirement of at least $300,000 and $50,000 for local Louisiana productions. Louisiana offers an additional 10 percent payroll tax credit for productions using resident labor.

*** The state government in Sacramento should confine itself to paving the roads, maintaining the peace, pumping the water,  keeping the lights on, and providing some education.  Leave the rest to the private sector and permit us the freedom to solve our problems and live our lives.

 

http://www.richardreedforstatesenate2016.com

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